Traditional Chiropractic Techniques
Blair is a sophisticated upper cervical technique that aligns each vertebra up according to the center of the spinal cord. It uses sophisticated analysis an x-rays to determine the current and optimal positions of each bone in the neck. Sometimes three dimensional x-rays are even taken for more precision. Blair is the only upper cervical technique that analyses as low as the 5th neck bone. Dr. Blair worked very closely with B.J. Palmer in Davenport Iowa.
Diversified – This technique is the most common approach to spinal manipulation worldwide. Joe Janse, D.C It is most commonly credited for formalizing Diversified. Diversified is the most common spine manipulation technique used by chiropractors. In fact, approximately 96% of chiropractors use it for approximately 70% of their patients. Interestingly, diversified is the only spine manipulation technique taught in Canadian chiropractic programs. Like many chiropractic manipulative techniques, Diversified is characterized by a high-velocity, short-lever thrust. It is considered the most generic chiropractic manipulative technique and is aimed at restoration of proper movement and alignment of the spine and spinal joints.
Logan Basic – Logan basic technique was developed by H.B. Logan, DC. It is a very low force manual technique. In this technique, a light and constant pressure or force is applied against a specific contact point at the base of the spine, on the sacrum. In fact while most techniques use high velocity and a short lever, Logan Basic uses slow pressure. This technique uses the musculature as a lever to balance the spinal structure.
Gonstead – Dr. Clarence Gonstead was a structural designer before entering chiropractic school. As a result, he brought the basic engineering principles of foundation and structure with him developing his own system of chiropractic. Gonstead technique is based on the foundation theory. If the foundation is not aligned, everything above it will be under stress. Gonstead focuses on looking at the way each spinal segment functions compared to the one below it. If the foundation is sound, everything above it will be sound. Dr. Clarence Gonstead proved the sacroiliac joint was a movable joint. A concept now accepted in the medical field. He also pioneered the side posture technique as well as the cervical chair and the knee chest table.
Palmer Toggle – Palmer toggle is an upper cervical technique. Chiropractic went through a phase where it was believed only two bones in the spine needed to be adjusted. They were the top two bones, known as C1 and C2 or Atlas and Axis respectively. While most chiropractors have abandoned that idea many of us still understand that it is a very important area of the spine. Why? That’s where the brainstem is located. The brainstem is responsible for controlling all of the vital functions that keep you alive. Palmer maintained that only the atlas could misalign itself, or cause misalignment below that point, thus putting pressure on the spinal cord or spinal nerves and causing disease.
Pierce Results System – Pierce was the first corrective chiropractic system. That is not only did the Pierce system strive to locate and remove subluxation, but it also was aimed at improving overall spinal shape and function. It was developed by Vernon Pierce, D.C., Sr and consists of a biomechanical analysis of spine kinematics (or spinal motion). It’s main goal is to reduce or eliminate scoliosis and restore optimal curves to the spine (front to back).
Thompson – Have you ever been to a chiropractor who used a lever to lift a section of the table up slightly? He or she then applied a rapid, gentle force into your spine or pelvis which caused the lifted piece to drop rapidly. A chiropractor by the name of Clay Thompson pioneered this approach. The Thompson Technique utilizes a “Segmental Drop Table” to enhance the motion force imparted towards the specific area of the spine. Dr Thompson discovered that by using “drop tables”, one could deliver a treatment that was just as effective with less force. This made life easier on both the patient AND the treating doctor. The “Segmental Drop System” takes advantage of the spine’s inherent design of the joints in order to move specific spinal bones in a specific corrective direction. This will improve the motion and restore joint health.
Activator – Activator was the first instrument based chiropractic system. It uses a modified system of applied kinesiology to analyze the spine for imbalances. Specific chiropractic adjustments are then applied using a small low force spring loaded adjusting instrument.
Active Release Technique (ART) – ART focuses on soft tissue manipulations to help the muscles and ligaments around the skeleton to promote healing. One unique factor about ART is that the patient moves while the technique is being applied. In most chiropractic techniques, the corrective adjustment is passive for the patient.
Applied Kinesiology (AK) – Applied Kinesiology is a controversial system of analyzing the body (not just chiropractically). It basically uses “muscle testing” to “ask the body” where any problems are and what the solutions might be. This web site does not make any statements for or against AK. It has been deemed by the medical community as a pseudo-science. There are still many chiropractors who utilize it as their system of analysis with positive results.
CBP – Chiropractic Bio Physics. CPB, like Pettibon and Pierce is a corrective system. It focuses on optimal posture and spinal alignment as the primary goals of chiropractic care. CBP treatment is aimed at structural rehabilitation of the spine and posture. CBP uses specific chiropractic adjustments as well as home care. Sometimes traction and even weights are worn on the torso or head to help correct posture.
Groston Technique – Graston Technique is an innovative form of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization that enables clinicians to detect and effectively break down scar tissue and fascial restrictions, as well as maintain optimal range of motion.
NUCCA NUCCA is another upper cervical only technique (that is they only take care of the top two bones in the spine, Atlas or Axis). This technique requires x-rays of the neck to be taken. Lines are drawn on the x-rays to determine the alignment of Atlas and Axis. Adjustments can be made by hand (in a manner similar to Palmer Upper Cervical) or by an adjusting instrument known as a stylus.
Pettibon The Pettibon Corrective System is aimed at improvement of health in patients by emphasizing whole care that includes spine and posture correction, and muscular development. Pettibon care often involves rehabilitation tools for home use. Patients actively participate in their care both at the clinic and at home.
Receptor Tonus – Also known as Nimmo Receptor Tonus, it focuses on trigger point therapy in conjunction with chiropractic care to promote healthy spinal alignment. It was copnceived by Dr. Raymond Nimmo of Granbury, Texas. His ideas involved in the development of myofascial pain syndromes, which resulted in spinal subluxations. He theorized that normal reflex arcs transition into abnormal reflex arcs. Dr. Nimmo developed a precise system of analysis and techniques to break those vicious cycles.
Sacro Occipital Technique (SOT) – The Sacro-Occipital Technique (also referred to as SOT) is a commonly used chiropractic technique developed by osteopath and chiropractor Major Bertrand DeJarnette. The name refers to the sacrum or “tail bone” (the last major bone of the spinal column) and the occiput or base of the skull. The technique is based on normalizing the relationship between these two ends of the spinal column.
Torque Release Technique – This is an instrument based adjusting technique that focuses on “meningeal torsion”. The theory is that spinal misalignments are caused by torsion of the soft tissue around the spinal cord. If that soft tissue becomes twisted or bound up, the spinal bones it attaches to will also misalign resulting in subluxation. The goal is to remove the spinal torsion to remove subluxations.